Communion is an occasion of solemnity and heartsearching, of rejoicing and anticipation. "Everything connected with it should suggest as perfect a preparation as possible." "This ceremony is not to be performed listlessly." Evangelism, pp. 277, 278. Properly planned and conducted, it brings encouragement and spiritual renewal to the congregation. Conducting communion service is, therefore, one of the most sacred duties of a pastor or elder.
2. When should it be held?
In the Seventh-day Adventist Church the Communion service customarily is celebrated once per quarter.
3. Foot-washing ceremony
Foot-washing should always be included.
4. How far in advanced should it be announced?
Communion should be announced at least a week in advance, preferably more, so members can prepare themselves, and deacons and deaconesses can prepare the emblems and equipment.
5. Who officiates?
An ordained elder is qualified to officiate a communion service. Always the elder should communicate with the minister in planning the communion service. Deacons assist by distributing the bread and wine.
6. Who participates?
Jesus' example of including Judas at the first communion proves that participation should not be limited only to exemplary Christians. "Christ's example forbids exclusiveness at the Lord's Supper. It is true that open sin excludes the guilty one. This the Holy Spirit plainly teaches. But beyond this none are to pass judgement. God has not left it with men to say who shall present themselves on these occasions. For who can read the hearts?" Desire of Ages, p. 656.
7. The sermon
Traditionally the communion sermon is given just before separating for the foot-washing service. The sermon should be short but meaningful. The communion service lasts longer than other worship services. However, the elder must be sensitive to the feelings of the members in general.